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2016考研英语:后缀总动员

 ▶-an
  electrician n.电工;电气技师

  E.g. The electrician took the houselights down.

  电工将剧场中观众席上的灯光减弱了一点。

  physician n. [医]医师,内科医师

  E.g. He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.

  他喜欢当外科医生而不愿作内科医生。

  ▶-ant,-ent
  applicant n.申请人

  E.g. The job applicant must have good verbal skills.

  应聘这份工作的人必须具有良好的语言表达技能。

  correspondent n.通信者

  E.g. The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.

  这家报纸有个外国通讯记者。

  ▶-ard
  coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人

  E.g. She accused her husband of being a coward.

  她指责自己的丈夫是个胆小鬼。

  drunkardn.酒鬼,醉汉

  E.g. That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.

  那个醉汉把空瓶扔了出来。

  ▶-ee
  employee n.雇员

  E.g. The boss dismissed that employee.

  老板解雇了那个雇员。

  examinee n.应试者

  E.g. It required that every examinee put down his/ her name on the answer sheet.

  要求所有考生都把自己的姓名写在答题纸上。

  ▶-eer
  pioneer n.开拓者,先锋

  E.g. Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.

  李大钊是中国革命的先驱。

  volunteer n.志愿者

  E.g. She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.

  她现在作为一名志愿者每周三天在当地一所学校帮忙。

  ▶-er, -or
  manufacturer n.制造商

  E.g. All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.

  所有商品均标明了生产厂家的地址。

  survivor n.幸存者

  E.g. Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.

  官方说这次飞机失事无一人生还。

  在记忆和背诵考研单词时,老师们会推荐词根词缀法记忆单词,这种方法科学合理,记忆牢固并且迅速。同时,我们都知道,词汇的前缀一般修饰或者改变单词的意思,词汇的后缀一般改变单词的词性。为了广大考生更好更快的记忆单词,对考研英语词汇常见后缀进行了汇总,希望对考研的广大考生有所帮助。

  ▶-ese
  Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中国人;汉语

  E.g. Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.

  不论你到哪里,记住你是中国人。

  Japan + ese→Japanesen.日本人;日语

  E.g. Not only did he speak English well, but he spoke Japanese more easily.

  他不但英语说得好,就连日语也讲得轻松自如。

  ▶-(r)ess

  host+ ess→hostess n.女主人

  E.g. The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.

  女主人热忱地欢迎我们。

  act+ ress→actress n.女演员

  E.g. The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.

  目前这位著名女演员正在首都剧场演出。

  ▶-ian
  logic+ ian→logician n.逻辑学家

  E.g. As the founder of pragmatism, firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.

  作为实用主义的鼻祖,皮尔士首先和主要是一位逻辑学家。

  mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.数学家

  E.g. Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.

  爱因斯坦被列为高等数学家。

  ▶-ist
  drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.剧作家

  E.g. Shakespeare is, by common consent, the greatest English dramatist.

  莎士比亚被公认是英国最伟大的剧作家。

  dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科医生

  E.g. The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.

  牙医告诫这男孩不要吃太多糖果。

  ▶-ster
  young+ ster→youngstern.年轻人

  E.g. That youngster works with a will.

  这小伙子干活有股傻劲儿。

  gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒

  ▶-al
  approv(e)+ al→approvaln.同意,认可

  E.g. They voiced their approval of the plan.

  他们对这项计划表示赞成。

  arriv(e)+ al→arrivaln.到达,到来

  E.g. The arrival of him sparkled to the party.

  他的到来使聚会变得生动活泼了。

  ▶-age
  short+ age→shortagen.缺乏,不足

  E.g. The shortage of oil will probably drive prices up.

  石油短缺很有可能迫使价格上涨。

  shrink+ age→shrinkage n.收缩

  E.g. There has been much shrinkage of the clothes in the wash.

  这些衣服洗后已缩了很多。

  ▶-ance, -ence
  import + ance→importance n.重要性

  E.g. The conference underscored the importance of modern industry.

  会议强调了现代工业的重要性。

  confid(e)+ ence→confidence n.自信心

  E.g. Tom blames his lack of confidence on his mother.

  汤姆把他的缺乏信心归咎于他母亲。

  ▶-ency
  consist + ency→consistency n.连贯性,一致性

  E.g. There’s always a lack of consistency in matters of foreign policy.

  外交政策总是缺乏连贯性。

  urg(e)+ ency→urgency n.紧迫性

  E.g. In case of urgency, call the police.

  一旦发生紧急情况,打电话给警察。

  ▶-cy
  bankrupt + cy→bankruptcy n.破产

  E.g. His failure knelled the bankruptcy of the company.

  他的失败宣告了公司的破产。

  diploma + cy→diplomacy n.外交

  E.g. The government is placing its faith in international diplomacy.

  政府对国际外交关系充满信心。

  ▶-dom
  free + dom→freedomn.自由

  E.g. She bartered away her freedom for wealth.

  她为财富而出卖了自由。

  wis(e)+ dom→wisdomn.智慧

  E.g. In this way they brought into full play the initiative, wisdom and power of the masses.

  这样他们就使群众的积极性、智慧和力量都充分发挥出来。

  ▶-ery
  slav(e)+ ery→slaveryn.奴隶制

  E.g. The slavery was overthrown after the Civil War in U.S.A.

  在南北战争结束之后,美国的奴隶制被废除了。

  brav(e)+ ery→bravery n.勇敢

  E.g. The soldier deserves the award for his acts of bravery.

  这名战士应为他的英勇行为受奖。

  ▶-hood
  man + hood→manhood n.男子气概

  E.g. Her new-found power was a threat to his manhood.

  她最近具有的能力对他的男子汉气概是个威胁。

  neighbor+hood→neighborhood n.邻里

  E.g. What happened in the factory is being whispered about the neighborhood.

  工厂里发生的事正在附近居民中私下传说。

  ▶-sion, -tion
  deci(de) + sion→decision n.决定,决心

  E.g. I don't think his decision is wise in reality.

  实际上,我觉得他的决定并不明智。

  descri(be)+ (p)tion→deion n.描写,描述

  E.g. The scenery is beautiful beyond deions.

  那风景美丽得难以形容。

  ▶-ity
  matur(e) + ity→maturity n.成熟

  E.g. His performance was full of maturity and poise.

  他的表现成熟而稳健。

  visible + ity→visibility n.能见度,可见性

  E.g. Dense fog is covering roads in the north and visibility is very poor.

  浓雾笼罩了北部的公路,能见度很低。

  E.g. The police are hard on the track of the gangster.

  警察正在追踪那名匪徒。
发布与修改日期:2015-08-22
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